Cebuano/Visayan Gods and Goddesses

Posted: August 3, 2010 in MYTHOLOGY

The Cebuano/ Visayan Mythology


We are really familiar of the Greek and Roman Mythology. What about our own culture. Do you know what are those Gods and Goddesses in our country? Specially in Cebu, the cradle of Philippine History as I consider it. The Queen City of the South, there were lots of hidden mysteries that was in the history of Cebu.

Actually the mythology in the Province of Cebu is connected to the other province in the entire region. Even if the country is an archipelago. I was so amaze that this is a nice topic just to know what, where, when and how does this province was being mold.

Most of this were being called the Diwata and the Encanto. Diwata is the female while the Encanto is the male one. A diwata or an encantado that has a royal blood is called Sang’gre, which can be distinguished by their markings on their back, the nga character from the Baybayin script. The Queen of the Diwatas in Lireo carries the title of Ynang Reyna. Lirean society is matriarchal and only a Sang’gre in the matriarch line may ascend the throne.

Kan-Laon is the name of an ancient Visayan deity. During pre-Hispanic times, the deity was worshiped by the natives as their Supreme Ruler. Kan-Laon means “One Who Is the Ruler Of Time”.

Mt. Canlaon, situated on the island of Negros, is the largest active volcano in the Philippines and highest mountain in the Visayas region.[1] The mountain is said to be where Laon made his presence to the people. In ancient times, native priests (babaylan) would climb up the mountain and do rituals every good harvest season or when there was a special ceremony. They would also offer gifts as a sign of respect.

Kan-Laon has many counterparts all over the Philippine archipelago. Some of the more popular are Bathala of the Tagalogs, Gugurang of the Bicolanos, and Kabunian of the Ilokanos and Ifugaos.

Maria Cacao is the diwata (fairy) or mountain goddess associated with Mount Lantoy in Argao, Cebu, Philippines, similar to Maria Makiling of Los Baños and Maria Sinukuan of Mount Arayat.

The basic form of the legend is that whenever rains flood the river that comes from Mount Lantoy, or a bridge is broken, this is a sign that Maria Cacao and her husband Mangao have either traveled down the river in their golden ship so that they can export their crops, or traveled up the river on their way back.[1] She is supposed to live inside a cave in the mountain and the Cacao plants outside it are supposed to be her plantation.[2] While the story is obviously mythical in nature, it is cited as evidence of how long the production of tableya, has been going on in the area.[1] Tableya is Cebuano for round, unsweetened chocolate cakes made from cacao beans. It is a crucial ingredient in the Filipino delicacies sikwate (chocolate) and champorado.[3]

The story of Maria Cacao was retold by Rene O. Villanueva.

Kaptan The supreme god who dwells in the sky. He is the Olden Visayan counterpart of Bathala. Of all the supreme deities in the Visayas, he is the most worshiped by the natives. He had a son named Lihangin.

Magwayen The goddess of the sea who is believed to take the souls of the dead in Sulad (Olden Visayan counterpart of Hell). She had a daughter named Lidagat.

Lihangin The god of the wind and the son of Kaptan. He later married Lidagat and had four children.

Lidagat The goddess of the sea after Magwayen. She later married Lihangin and had four children.

Likabutan The god of the world and the eldest children of Lihangin and Lidagat.

Ladlaw The god of the sun and the second children of Lihangin ang Lidagat.

Libulan The goddess of the moon and the third children of Lihangin and Lidagat.

Lisuga The deity in which Silalak and Sibabay came from. She was the youngest children of Lihangin and Lidagat.

Abba The supreme god of the Visayans according to Rajah Kolambu of Mazaua during his conversation with Ferdinand Magellan.[50] Abba is the Visayan name for Bathala of the Tagalogs.

Alunsina She was the virgin goddess of the eastern skies.

Bangun Bangun God of time and cosmic movements.

Barangaw He is the god of the rainbow.

Bulalakaw Bird god, causer of illness.

Burigadang Pada Sinaklang Bulawan Goddess of greediness.

Dal’lang The goddess of beauty that bestows her gifts of beauty to her followers.

Dalikamata The many-eyed goddess, cures eye illnesses.

Halmista He is the Visayan god of magic who is a former priest (or babaylan) who turned into a god.

Inaginid and Malanduk God invoked for success in battle and plunder.

Kan-Laon The supreme god worshiped by the Ancient Visayans who lived in the Negros Island that dwells in Mount Kanlaon. As well as Kaptan, he is the Ancient Visayans counterpart of Bathala).

Kasaraysarayan sa Silgan God of rivers.

Lalahon She is the goddess of fire, volcanoes and harvest.[56] In ancient times, Ancient Visayans blamed her for sending armies of locusts to destroy their harvests. In response, natives will offer her gifts in order to please her and prevent her from doing that.

Lubay-Lubyok Hanginun si Mahuyokhuyokan Goddess of the night breeze.

Luyong Baybay Goddess of the tides.

Magdang Diriinin God of the lakes.

Maklium sa Tiwan God of the valleys and plains.

Maklium sa Tubig God of the sea.

Munsad Buralakaw God of politics and affairs of men.

Nagined, Arapayan, and Makbarubak God who could could be appealed to when concocting poisonous oil.

Pahulangkug God of seasons.

Paiburong God of the middle world (not Middle-Earth…).

Pandaki God who rescues the deserving for a more pleasant fate.

Panlinugun Ruler of the underworld, god of earthquakes.

Ribung Linti God of lightning and thunder.

Santonilyo God of graces.

Saraganka Bagyo God of storms.

Saragnayan God of darkness.

Sidapa The god of death who is said to reside on top of Mount Madia-as in province of Antique.

Siginarugan He is identified as the god of the underworld.

Suimuran and Suiguinarugan Gods of hell, the final destination for all deceased souls.

Suklang Malayon Goddess of homeliness, sister of Alunsina.

Sumalongson God of the rivers and the sea.

Sumpoy God of the afterlife.

Tungkung Langit Upper world and supreme god, counterpart of Bathala. (He maybe is the equivalent of Sumer’s Anu?)

Ynaguinid and Macanduc Gods of war / battle.

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Comments
  1. Akopito says:

    this is very interesting, thank you so much for sharing this.

  2. Piper says:

    This is great, Ive been interested to learn more about the culture of our ancestors. I believe through these stories we can learn about how our ancestors lived and how they function as a community. The real culture of the filipinos, and not of the westerners. Thank you for posting this, Is there a certain mythology about tattoos?

  3. jhovel22 says:

    To Piper

    let me try to check all i know is that cebuano tribes and the pintados are using tattoo. But they are not part of the mythology but let me try to check for that. Okay??

    You are always welcome piper!

    Keep in touch and God Speed!

  4. duncs says:

    This is very interesting. his it possible to provide details however simply for the various Gods you have named but don’t supply a description. Im just wondering how it is you are able to have names of Gods and what they Govern but no accompanying story for context in the pantheon. Is it also possible to provide any pictorial representation of these various gods? was there ever any pictorial representation of the Cebuano Gods like there is for the Tagalog gods and demons?

    • jhovel22 says:

      I will look for an artist that can imagine and create some faces about this Gods and Goddesses here in Cebu…

      Dont worry Ill be showing this one to everybody using the same site…

      Thanks for that information…

      -Jhovel

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