Archive for the ‘HEALTH AND WEALTH’ Category

How to prevent STI or STD?

Posted: November 6, 2011 in HEALTH AND WEALTH


Doctors treat chlamydia with prescription oral antibiotics such as azithromycin (Zithromax), doxycycline or erthromycin. You may be directed to take your medication in a one-time dose, or you may receive a prescription medication to be taken over the course of five to 10 days. The infection usually resolves within two weeks, and during that time, you should abstain from sex. Your sexual partners during the last six months should also be treated for chlamydia, even if they have no symptoms. The antibiotics will cure the infection, but they do not make you immune to it. So, it is possible to be reinfected.

 

What is Doxycycline?

Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic. It fights bacteria in the body.

Doxycycline is used to treat many different bacterial infections, such as urinary tract infections, acne, gonorrhea, and chlamydia, periodontitis (gum disease), and others.

Doxycycline is also used to treat blemishes, bumps, and acne-like lesions caused by rosacea. Doxycycline will not treat facial redness caused by rosacea.

Doxycycline may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

You can also buy a tetracycline hydrochloride if you think you are already infected.

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Sexually transmitted disease

Posted: November 6, 2011 in HEALTH AND WEALTH

Until the 1990s, STDs were commonly known as venereal diseases: Veneris is the Latin genitive form of the name Venus, the Roman goddess of love. Social disease was another euphemism.

Sexually transmitted infection is a broader term than sexually transmitted disease.[1] An infection is a colonization by a parasitic species, which may not cause any adverse effects. In a disease the infection leads to impaired or abnormal function. In either case the condition may not exhibit signs or symptoms. Increased understanding of infections like HPV, which infects most sexually active individuals but cause disease in only a few has led to increased use of the term STI. Public health officials originally introduced the term sexually transmitted infection, which clinicians are increasingly using alongside the term sexually transmitted disease in order to distinguish it from the former.[citation needed]

 

Sexually transmitted disease (STD), also known as a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or venereal disease (VD), is an illness that has a significant probability of transmission between humans by means of human sexual behavior, including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex. While in the past, these illnesses have mostly been referred to as STDs or VD, in recent years the term sexually transmitted infections (STIs) has been preferred, as it has a broader range of meaning; a person may be infected, and may potentially infect others, without having a disease. Some STIs can also be transmitted via the use of IV drug needles after its use by an infected person, as well as through childbirth or breastfeeding. Sexually transmitted infections have been well known for hundreds of years.

 

STD may refer only to infections that are causing diseases, or it may be used more loosely as a synonym for STI. Because most of the time people do not know that they are infected with an STD until they are tested or start showing symptoms of disease, most people use the term STD, even though the term STI is also appropriate in many cases.

Moreover, the term sexually transmissible disease is sometimes used since it is less restrictive in consideration of other factors or means of transmission. For instance, meningitis is transmissible by means of sexual contact but is not labeled as an STI because sexual contact is not the primary vector for the pathogens that cause meningitis. This discrepancy is addressed by the probability of infection by means other than sexual contact. In general, an STI is an infection that has a negligible probability of transmission by means other than sexual contact, but has a realistic means of transmission by sexual contact (more sophisticated means—blood transfusion, sharing of hypodermic needles—are not taken into account). Thus, one may presume that, if a person is infected with an STI, e.g., chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes, it was transmitted to him/her by means of sexual contact. 

The diseases on this list are most commonly transmitted solely by sexual activity. Many infectious diseases, including the common cold, influenza, pneumonia, and most others that are transmitted person-to-person can also be transmitted during sexual contact, if one person is infected, due to the close contact involved. However, even though these diseases may be transmitted during sex, they are not considered STDs.

Source: Wikipedia

Oral sex and the HIV virus have often been at odds. If you talk to many people they will say the answer is no because the stomach and saliva contain acid and the acid will kill the virus. Others will say that it’s too dangerous to take a chance and you should use a condom whenever the sexual organ comes into contact with other fluids.

The reality is that the HIV virus is contained in all sexual secretions such as semen and vaginal liquids, and yes it is also in the saliva. However, because of the acid in saliva, it is not enough to affect someone just because the infected saliva came in contact with the sexual organs. However, if the infected saliva or infected sexual fluid is put into a non- infected mouth that has a cut in it, the virus is put directly into the blood stream.

Something many people do not think about with oral sex is pre-ejaculate that is present for much of the act is also a sexual fluid. If infected sexual fluid is swallowed there are a number of ways the virus can get into the body. Especially since most people do not know whether they have a small cut in their esophagus and only feel it when they swallow something spicy or get a sore throat. If the virus gets all the way down to the stomach, it is possible it will not be destroyed by the stomach acid, and has the ability to be ingested directly into the blood stream. Anytime infected fluids come in contact with a direct path to the blood stream, infection is imminent plain and simple. Bottom line is, if one side of a couple is infected, or if you’re not sure if someone is infected, take the necessary precautions to not become infected.


History:

Spirochae T.phallidum first discovered in 1905 but the disease was

endemic in Europe in the XV century pertengaha. T.pallidum can penetrate through the normal mucosal epithelium and mild abrasion. Treponema breed slower than the primary pathological lesion is a focal endarteritis. Crease inflammation terhentuk around blood vessels attacked, had experienced an obliteration of the lumen, and heal with much fibrosis. Granulomatous reaction often found in secondary syphilis and information. Patients response to infection in the form of antibodies that a lot. These antibodies have any meaning for diagnosis

Sign & Symptoms:

Syphilis has several stages of infection. Once infected with syphilis, there is the incubation period, the period before the onset of symptoms until the open sore called a “chancre” approximately 90-90 days, generally on average during 21 days is already visible.

 

The first stage of syphilis can have an open sore called a chancre on the genitals, rectal, or oral. This open wound does not hurt. Enlarged lymph nodes may appear. A patient may not feel the pain and wounds usually heal by itself within 4-6 weeks, therefore the patient usually will not come to the doctor for treatment, but this does not mean syphilis disappear, but remain circulating in the body. If not handled properly, will continue into the next stage.

 

The second stage occurs about 1-6 months (averaging about 6-8 weeks) after the first infection, there are several different manifestations of this second stage. A red rash may occur without itchy in certain parts, like the palms of the hands and feet, or humid areas, such as the scrotum and labia. Besides the rash, other symptoms arise, such as fever, enlarged lymph nodes, sore throat, headaches, weight loss, muscle aches, and please note that the symptoms and signs of both syphilis infections will also be able to resolve on their own, but also keep in mind that this does not mean the syphilis is missing from your body, but continues until the stage of latent infection.

 

Latent stage is the stage where if you checked with lab tests, the results are positive, but there can be symptoms and signs or not. Latent stage is also divided as early and late latent stage. Expressed as early latent syphilis when syphilis was already inside the body for two years or less from the first infection with or without symptoms. While late latent syphilis if it has been suffering for two years or more of the first infection without evidence of clinical symptoms. In practice, it often is not known when began to hit so often has to be assumed that the patient has reached the latent stage.

 

Tertiary syphilis that appears on the third of the patients are not treated properly. Usually arise 10-10 years after initial infection, but in some cases up to 50 years can only arise, this stadium can be seen with the signs of such tumors arising from the soft lumps. At this stage, many organ damage that can occur, ranging from damage to bones, nerves, brain, muscle, eye, heart and other organs.

Diagnosis

Syphilis can be diagnosed by way of rubbing the wound and results of smears examined under a special microscope (a microscope dark field of view). Under the microscope, bacteria sprikoheta will look.

When the microscope is not available, then the diagnosis can be established with the typical appearance of syphilis wounds.

There is also a special blood test for syphilis that is scanning VDRL (venereal Disease Research Laboratory) and RPR (Rapid Plasminogen Reagent). This test checks the body response to disease, not directly to the bacteria spirokheta.

Treatment:

Syphilis primary, secondary, and early latent (less than one year): the drug of choice is penicillin G benzathine 2.4 million units IM once; or procain penicillin G, 600,000 units IM every day for eight days.

Advanced latent syphilis (more than I year old) and cardiovascular sifillis: drug of choice is penicillin G procaine, 600,000 units per day for 15 days; or pcnicillin G benzathine, 2.4 million units IM every week for three weeks.

Neurosyphilis: penicilline crystalline G, 24 million units IV every 4 hours for 10 days, or penicillin G procaine, 1.2 million units IM each day for 15 days.

Congenital syphilis with a liquid to a normal serebrospinalis: penicillin G benzathine, 50.00 units / kg IM given once; if serebrospinalis abnormal fluid, crystalline penicillin G ~ 25,000 units / kg IM or IV 2 times daily for at least 10 days, or penicillin G procaine, 50 000 units / kg IM sebari of at least 10 days.

Patients who are sensitive to penicillin, for all types of: tetracycline 500 mg four times daily peroral for 15 days, or erythromycin, 500 mg four times a day peroral for 15 days, an adequate replacement therapy.

Jariseh-Herxbeimer reaction may occur within 6-8 hours after initial therapy; fever, chills, myalgia, tachycardia, and various other systemic symptoms, mucosal lesions, and neurologic lesions may worsen. This reaction was found to the 50% of patients with primary syphilis, 75% with secondary syphilis, and 30% with neurosyphilis.

Who is more at risk to get it?

Anyone can get syphilis, but men who have sex with men account for 90% of the cases of infectious syphilis in New South Wales. About half of these guys are HIV positive. So if you are HIV positive, sexually active, and fucking with men,

it makes good sense to have a regular blood test (i.e. every three months) for syphilis.

How do you know if you have syphilis?

You don’t, for sure, unless you have a blood test. You might not notice any symptoms, or you might easily miss symptoms. Signs or symptoms of syphilis can include a small painless sore in your mouth, on your balls, dick and arse. They can also include swollen lymph glands, rashes, fever, sore throat, muscle aches and tiredness. Some of these symptoms may be mild and can come and go, or they can even go away completely. While symptoms can go away, this does not mean the infection has gone. It can take up to three months after getting syphilis for it to show up in the blood test. If you have been infected with syphilis

future blood tests will show up as positive – even if you’ve been successfully treated. A particular test is used to identify a new infection – as well as to see if treatment has worked. Most positive guys have regular blood tests, but these don’t usually include a test for syphilis unless you ask for it. You need to specifically ask for a test for Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and this includes syphilis. If you have recently had any other STI like gonorrhea or chlamydia, you should ask your doctor for a syphilis test as well.

How is it treated?

Syphilis is treated with a course of antibiotics – which involves penicillin injections into your butt. You need to complete the treatment to be sure the infection is cleared up. If someone tells you they have been diagnosed with syphilis and you have had sex with them in the last three months, you should talk to your doctor about syphilis treatment even if your blood test result is negative. You might still be developing syphilis, but have not yet shown a positive blood test for it, so the treatment can cure the infection and prevent you passing it on. You shouldn’t have sex until you have finished your treatment and you have tested clear for the infection. Syphilis is treated with a course of antibiotics. You need to complete the treatment to be sure the infection is cleared up. The earlier you find out, the easier syphilis is to treat.

Prevention

How to prevent this disease is to avoid unsafe sex, do not have multiple sexual partners, and always maintain the cleanliness around the sex organs.


Type A
Advantages: obedient, careful, sympathetic, empathetic, self-sacrificing, polite, willing to compromise, honest, loyal

Disadvantages: worries a lot, emotional, weak-willed, indecisive, introverted, anti-social, wishy-washy, nervous

Type B
Advantages: cheerful, outgoing, optimistic, adventurous, active, sensitive, kind

Disadvantages: forgetful, undecided, disorganized, noisy, spontaneous, prone to exaggeration

Type AB
Advantages: sensitive, proud, diplomatic, discriminating, easy-going, sympathetic, efficient, learns quickly

Disadvantages: short-tempered, complains, dependent, moody, brooding

Type O
Advantages: confident, strong-willed, judgmental, dedicated, self-deterministic

Disadvantages: workaholic, insecure, emotional, stubborn, uncompromising, cold personality, over-confident, self-centered

Fighting Stress

Posted: September 4, 2010 in HEALTH AND WEALTH

What is a stress??

Stress is a normal physical response to events that make you feel threatened or upset your balance in some way. When you sense danger – whether it’s real or imagined – the body’s defenses kick into high gear in a rapid, automatic process known as the “fight-or-flight” reaction, or the stress response.

The stress response is the body’s way of protecting you. When working properly, it helps you stay focused, energetic, and alert. In emergency situations, stress can save your life – giving you extra strength to defend yourself, for example, or spurring you to slam on the brakes to avoid an accident.

The stress response also helps you rise to meet challenges. Stress is what keeps you on your toes during a presentation at work, sharpens your concentration when you’re attempting the game-winning free throw, or drives you to study for an exam when you’d rather be watching TV.

Effects of chronic stress

The body doesn’t distinguish between physical and psychological threats. When you’re stressed over a busy schedule, an argument with a friend, a traffic jam, or a mountain of bills, your body reacts just as strongly as if you were facing a life-or-death situation. If you have a lot of responsibilities and worries, your emergency stress response may be “on” most of the time. The more your body’s stress system is activated, the easier it is to trip and the harder it is to shut off.

Long-term exposure to stress can lead to serious health problems. Chronic stress disrupts nearly every system in your body. It can raise blood pressure, suppress the immune system, increase the risk of heart attack and stroke, contribute to infertility, and speed up the aging process. Long-term stress can even rewire the brain, leaving you more vulnerable to anxiety and depression.

causes of stress

General causes
Threat

A perceived threat will lead a person to feel stressed. This can include physical threats, social threats, financial threat, and so on. In particular it will be worse when the person feels they have no response that can reduce the threat, as this affects the need for a sense of control.

Generally speaking, any threat to needs is likely to lead to stress being experienced.
Fear

Threat can lead to fear, which again leads to stress. Fear leads to imagined outcomes, which are the real source of stress.
Uncertainty

When we are not certain, we are unable to predict, and hence feel we are not in control, and hence may feel fear or feel threatened by that which is causing the uncertainty.
Cognitive dissonance

When there is a gap between what we do and what we think, then we experience cognitive dissonance, which is felt as stress. Thus, if I think I am a nice person then do something that hurts someone else, I will experience dissonance and stress.

Dissonance also occurs when we cannot meet our commitments. We believe we are honest and committed, but when circumstances prevent us from meeting our promises we are faced with the possibility of being perceived as dishonest or incapable (ie. a social threat).
Life causes

There are many causes of stress in life including:

* Death: of spouse, family, friend
* Health: injury, illness, pregnancy
* Crime: Sexual molestation, mugging, burglary, pick-pocketed
* Self-abuse: drug abuse, alcoholism, self-harm
* Family change: separation, divorce, new baby, marriage
* Sexual problems: getting partner, with partner
* Argument: with spouse, family, friends, co-workers, boss
* Physical changes: lack of sleep, new work hours
* New location: vacation, moving house
* Money: lack of it, owing it, investing it
* Environment change: in school, job, house, town, jail
* Responsibility increase: new dependent, new job

Stress at work

The UK’s Health and Safety Executive lists six key stress factors:

1.

The demands of the job
2.

The control staff have over how they do their work
3.

The support they receive from colleagues and superiors
4.

Their relationships with colleagues
5.

Whether they understand their roles and responsibilities
6.

How far the company consults staff over workplace changes.

Other stress indicators at work include:

* Sickness absence
* High staff turnover
* Poor communication between teams
* Bullying
* Lack of feedback on performance
* Value and contribution
* Technological change
* Lack of clarity of roles and responsibilities
* Dissatisfaction with non-monetary benefits
* Working long hours
* Boring and mundane work
* One-off incidents
* Uncomfortable workplace
* Lack of training

But beyond a certain point, stress stops being helpful and starts causing major damage to your health, your mood, your productivity, your relationships, and your quality of life.

You can fight stress with techniques to help you relax and “take a break” from the hectic pace of life. These 10 steps can help you feel more relaxed, laid-back, and low-keyed, thus combating stress.

Take a catnap: A 10-minute nap virtually anywhere-at home, on the office floor, in the car (providing you’re not driving of course!)-can be refreshing

Visualization: Take a quick “mental break” by envisioning a favorite place in your mind-whether it be the ocean, the mountains, or your own backyard. Concentrate on “seeing”, “smelling” and “hearing” the things you imagine.

Massage: Close your eyes and use your fingertips to vigorously massage your forehead and the back of your neck. Rub in circles, and rub hard.

Breathing: Increased tension results in rapid, shallow breathing. For better relaxation, inhale slowly, hold your breath, and exhale slowly. Count to eight during each phase.

Abdominal breathing: Lie on the floor with your face up, body relaxed, and eyes closed. Exhale, blowing all the air out of your lungs, and push out your abdomen. Then pull in your abdomen, press down on it with your hand, and inhale deeply. Relax, letting the abdomen return to its normal position. Breathe normally for several minutes; then repeat the cycle.

Get out of the rut: Making up new ways to do old things can be a great reliever of both stress and boredom. Try taking different routes when driving to work, or change the way you do ordinary tasks such as putting on makeup, fixing your hair, or getting dressed.

Sing in the shower: Loud singing demands deep breathing, which relaxes the singer. Hold the notes for as long as you can.

Develop hobbies: What’s fun for you can be good for you. Whatever your interests are, indulge them. Feeling competent and in control is relaxing.

Relaxation response: Sit comfortably in a quiet place with eyes closed and muscles deeply relaxed. Silently count to yourself with each inhaled and exhaled breath. Concentrate on deep breathing.

Stretch: Standard stretching exercises are good for relieving tension.”

Would you consider abortion in the following situations?

1. There’s a preacher and wife who are very, very, poor. They already have 14 kids. Now she finds out she’s pregnant with her 15th. They’re living in tremendous poverty. Considering their poverty, and the excessive world population, would you consider recommending she get an abortion?

2. The father is sick with sniffles, the mother has TB. They have 4 children. 1st is blind, 2nd is dead, 3rd is deaf, 4th has TB. She finds she’s pregnant again. Given the extreme situation, would you consider recommending abortion?

3. A white man raped a 13 year old black girl and she got pregnant. If you were her parents, would you consider recommending abortion?

4. A teenage girl is pregnant. She’s not married. Her fiance is not the father of the baby, and he’s very upset. Would you consider recommending abortion?

In the first case, you have just killed John Wesley. One of the great evangelists in the 19th century.

In the second case, you have killed Beethoven.

In the third case, you have killed Ethel Waters, the great black gospel singer.

If you said yes to the fourth case, you have just declared the murder of Jesus Christ!

Would you agree if our country the Philippines will amend the RH BILL 5043?

If the RH Bill will be amend,

  1. If your partner wanted to have condom and you cannot provide it you will be sued.
  2. A 10 year old kid will have sex education and will be educate on how to use condom and they can have access to these legally?
  3. Even though we doesn’t want abortion but in the RH BILL 5043 our country must follow the international convention on reproductive rights,which we all know that it includes abortion.